Frostbite is No Joke: 7 Tips to Stay Warm and Avoid Permanent Damage

AddThis Social Bookmark Button

When the temperature dips below freezing, it's critical to protect your skin from cold-weather health risks. Frostbite occurs when the skin – and sometimes the tissue beneath the skin – freezes due to prolonged exposure to cold temperatures. Depending on how long and how frozen the tissue, frostbite can result in severe, sometimes permanent, damage.


Frostbite: Prevention and Treatment

"Frostbite usually affects the face, nose, ears, fingers and toes, so on bitterly cold days, it's not enough to just put on a winter coat," said board-certified dermatologist Amy J. Derick, MD, FAAD, clinical instructor of dermatology, Northwestern University. "To really protect your skin from dangerously low temperatures, keep an eye on the weather, dress appropriately for outdoor activities and stay dry."

To prevent frostbite, Dr. Derick recommends the following tips:

  1. Dress in loose, light, comfortable layers: Wearing loose, light layers helps trap warm air. The first layer should be made of a synthetic material, which wicks moisture away from your body. The next layer should be insulating. Wool and fleece are good insulators and hold in more body heat than cotton. The top layer should be windproof and waterproof. A down parka and ski pants can help keep you dry and warm during outdoor activities.
  2. Protect your feet and toes: To protect your feet and toes, wear two pairs of socks. The first pair, next to your skin, should be made of moisture-wicking fabric. Place a pair of wool or wool-blend socks on top of those. Your boots should also provide adequate insulation. They should be waterproof and cover your ankles. Make sure that nothing feels tight, as tight clothing increases the risk of frostbite.
  3. Protect your head: To protect your ears and head, wear a heavy wool or fleece hat. If you are outside on a bitterly cold day, cover your face with a scarf or face mask. This warms the air you breathe and helps prevent frostbite on your nose and face.
  4. Protect your hands: Wear insulated mittens or gloves to help protect your hands from the cold.
  5. Make sure snow cannot get inside of your boots or clothing: Wet clothing increases the risk of developing frostbite. Before heading outdoors, make sure that snow cannot easily get inside of your boots or clothing. While outdoors, if you start to sweat, cut back on your activity or unzip your jacket a bit.
  6. Keep yourself hydrated: Becoming dehydrated also increases the risk of developing frostbite. Even if you are not thirsty, drink at least one glass of water before you head outside, and always drink water or a sports drink before an outdoor workout. In addition, avoid alcohol, as it increases your risk for frostbite.
  7. Recognize the symptoms: In order to detect frostbite early, when it's most treatable, it's important to recognize the symptoms.  The first signs of frostbite include redness and a stinging, burning, throbbing or prickling sensation followed by numbness. If this occurs, head indoors immediately.

"If you experience symptoms of frostbite, try to gradually bring feeling back into the body," said Dr. Derick. "Never rub frostbitten skin or submerge your hands or feet directly into hot water - use warm water or a warm washcloth instead. If you do not feel sensation returning to your body, or if the skin begins to turn gray, go to an emergency room immediately."

For more information on dermatology or Frostbite Prevention:  The "Frostbite: Prevention and Treatment" video presented by the American Academy of Dermatology.

Haute Tease

  • Beltway Insider: Obama/Syrian Policy Failure; Gun Violence; Election 2016; Bill Cosby

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    President Barack Obama has returned to Washington from his Holiday and is eager and energized to begin his last year in office moving ahead with the Gun Violence issue he has indicated the intent to announce Executive Order action.

     
  • Money News: US Markets Close Up; World Markets Steady; Asian Markets in a Tailspin

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    The four U.S. Markets, Dow Jones Industrial Average, NASDAQ, S&P 500 and Russell 2000, running on the Bureau of Economic Analysis' Gross Domestic Product announcement of a 4.6% growth spurred investor's confidence throughout the week and aided as the markets rallied and managed, across the board, to close slightly up.

     
  • Mollie Tibbets, Iowa College Student, Found Dead; Illegal Immigrant Arrested

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    The remains of Mollie Tibbets, 20, of Brooklyn, Iowa, who went missing five weeks ago have been found in a cornfield in Poweshiek county, twelve miles southeast of where the University of Iowa junior was last seen.

     
  • Diana Nyad Becomes First to Swim from Cuba to Florida

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Long distance swimmer Diana Nyad, after four unsuccessful attempts, has become the first athlete in history to swim the Florida Straits from Havana, Cuba to the United States without a shark cage or fins.

     
  • The Internship Review – Google Laughter, Amusement and Techie Fun

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    The Internship,” the extremely funny and highly enjoyable, merging of the generations flick, from Twentieth Century Fox Film, Dune Entertainment and Regency Enterprises is coming soon to the home entertainment market.

     
  • Bay Area Musicals Announces 2018-2019 Season Titles Include: Crazy For You, Violet, Hairspray

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Bay Area Musicals (Matthew McCoy, Founder & Artistic Director, and AeJay Mitchell, Managing Director) has announced the show titles for its upcoming fourth season. The 2018-2019 season begins with Tony Award-winning Best Musical CRAZY FOR YOU.

     
  • STOKER, From Fox Searchlight Pictures and Director Park Chan-Wook, Delivers a Daring, Mind Bending,Thriller

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    STOKER, a twisted psychological thriller, from FOX Searchlight Pictures, Indian Paintbrush and Korean Director Park Chan-Wook recently held its Los Angeles Media Day at the SLS Beverly Hills.

     
  • Girl, 10, Pulled from Italian Earthquake; Death Toll Increases Passes 250

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    A girl, 10, after surviving more than 24 hours hanging upside down, was pulled from the rubble of a decimated Amatrice where the death toll has risen sharply following initial reports and the town is in ruins.

     
  • Money News: Dow Escapes the Bear; European Markets Down; Asian Split

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    The DOW Jones Industrial Average, finally escaped the Bear's grasp, salvaging a brutal volatile week across the global markets which saw the international markets continuing to react to the fall out in Greece.

     
  • In My Footsteps: A Traveler’s Guide to Martha’s Vineyard Review - Compact, Beautiful, Informative

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    In My Footsteps, A Traveler’s Guide to Martha’s Vineyard, from author Christopher Sutterland and Schiffer Publishing, presents a comprehensive guide to one of the most iconic and affluent summer island destinations on the Eastern Seaboard.

     
  • Me and Earl and The Dying Girl Review – An Outstanding Teen Drama Worth Seeing

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Me and Earl and The Dying Girl, from FOX Searchlight Pictures and Indian Paintbrush, presents a teen angst drama that provides an emotional roller coaster in triplicate as two friends become a trio over senior year fighting the known, unknown and unimaginable twists of fate.

     
  • Oregon School Shooting Brings Total to 74 Since Sandy Hook Massacre

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Freshman Emilio Hoffman was shot and killed when a lone gunman entered Reynolds High School in Troutdale, Oregon, yesterday, and opened fire killing the 14 year old before turning the gun on himself.

     
  • Garry Marshall, Show Creator and Beloved Director, Dies

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Garry Marshall, director, creator, actor, writer and personality, who enjoyed more than six decades making Hollywood memories and known for his uncanny ability to capture the heartstrings of audiences everywhere, passed away due to complications from pneumonia. He was 81.

     
  • East Berliner, Lia Rox Releases Her Controversial New Single "Hound;" Official Remix Debuts Second Behind Katy Perry

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Lia Rox releases her stunning single 'Hound', accompanied by an astonishing and controversial horror film influenced video, which shows her sophisticated undertone of pop blends with a touch of electro and soul and is available for streaming/download.

     
  • OSCAR Legends Presents Marlon Brando

    AddThis Social Bookmark Button

    Brando, the film tribute that showcased the life and legacy of one of the greatest acting talents to have ever existed, his life on-screen and his demons off, was a chronicle of greatness.