World News: After Daesh, an Islamic State 2.0

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The death of the Caliph Abu Bakr El-Baghdadi marks the end of the Islamic State in its territorial version identified. But this disappearance does not announce the appearance of a new state defeated by geographical ties in favor of a sprawling spread?

The disappearance of Abu Bakr El-Baghdadi, hailed unanimously as a major step towards the pacification of the world, nevertheless raises many questions.


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Among the first to emerge: does the Islamic State have the means to recover from the disappearance of the self-proclaimed Caliph? It is naturally early to say that, but the strength and power of Daesh suggest that the organization is able to replace it. What Westerners, and the world in general, do not know is when.

The nebula that is the Islamic State, composed of devotees molded of radical Islamism, although today weakened from a territorial point of view is not necessarily from an ideological point of view.

The recent attack perpetrated in the Prefecture of Police in Paris on October 3 proves it, Daesh has a pool of combatants, active or dormant, known or unknown intelligence services that remains very likely heavy and poorly estimated despite reporting efforts.


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Does this mean that the terrorist threat still exists?

Violent Blow and Classic State

It's a safe bet yes because if the death of Al Baghdadi is a sharp and violent blow to the Islamic State, the blow is not necessarily fatal. Radical Islamism, like all ideologies of comparable essence, blind, ignorant and extremist, continues to seduce individuals on the margins of contemporary society, shaken by globalization, often idle or unable to integrate into the social melting pot of society. country in which they live.

It is not a question here of portraying ISIS fighters but to keep in mind that while the death of the self-proclaimed caliph is a significant step forward in the fight against Daesh, it is not than a step.


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Thus, by a daring analogy with economic connotation, it would be possible to say that Daesh has now become a label that many could claim around the world. This threat is all the more worrying because the Islamic State, which certainly had a conquered territory, did not present the finery and attributes of a classical state.


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The international coalition that fought, and still struggles, through the intelligence services against it, was, and is, at war with a multi-faceted terrorist movement capable of rebirth, not where it wishes, but without much difficulty, being able to count on opportunistic or convinced fighters claiming it.

Conflicts and Logic

Al Baghdadi who embodied the first Islamic State, seated territoriality, returning Al Qaeda to the rank of obsolete and obsolete movement, has, perhaps, by his death pushed to the creation of a Daesh 2.0, without geographical reach but strong of a multitude of points of conflict essentially scattered in Europe or in the Arab countries, first targets for these last deadly acts of the terrorist organization.


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This new fact that we could, for short, then qualify as geopolitical is not. It is in fact the almost logical consequence of what was Islamic State in its territorial version: a falsely structured set, led by an individual certainly charismatic but clearly exposed because perfectly identified and therefore easily combatable.


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The risk that prevails today is therefore no longer to see a leader appear but several, distributed wherever they wish, renouncing the existence of a state in favor of a latent and haunting ideological struggle against which no army of world cannot do anything.

 

 

Bio: Olivier Longhi has extensive experience in European history. A seasoned journalist with fifteen years of experience, he is currently professor of history and geography in the Toulouse region of France. He has held a variety of publishing positions, including Head of Agency and Chief of Publishing. A journalist, recognized blogger, editor and editorial project manager, he has trained and managed editorial teams, worked as a journalist for various local radio stations, a press and publishing consultant, and a communications consultant.

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